The first ILC was held in Washington (USA) in 1919 and the second in Genoa (Italy) in 1920. Since then, all but five Conferences have been held in Geneva, Switzerland.
The ILO has held 110 Sessions of the International Labour Conference, where 190 Conventions, 6 protocols, and 206 recommendations have been adopted.
The broad policies of the ILO are set by the International Labour Conference, which meets once a year in June, in Geneva, Switzerland. This annual Conference brings together governments', workers' and employer's delegates of the ILO member States.
Often called an international parliament of labour, the Conference establishes and adopts international labour standards and is a forum for discussion of key social and labour questions. It also adopts the Organization's budget and elects the Governing Body.
Each member State is represented by a delegation consisting of two government delegates, an employer delegate, a worker delegate, and their respective advisers. Many of the government representatives are cabinet ministers responsible for labour affairs in their own countries. Employer and Worker delegates are nominated in agreement with the most representative national organizations of employers and workers.
Every delegate has the same rights, and all can express themselves freely and vote as they wish. Worker and employer delegates may sometimes vote against their government's representatives or against each other. This diversity of viewpoints, however, does not prevent decisions being adopted by very large majorities or in some cases even unanimously.
Heads of State and prime ministers also take the floor at the Conference. International organizations, both governmental and others, attend as observers.
The International Labour Conference has several main tasks: