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International Labour Conference: Home

The International Labour Conference through time

Quick Facts

The first ILC was held in Washington (USA) in 1919 and the second in Genoa (Italy) in 1920. After these, only other four Conferences were not held in Geneva.

The ILO has held 110 Sessions of the International Labour Conference, where 190 Conventions6 protocols, and 206 recommendations have been adopted. 

What is the International Labour Conference?

The International Labour Conference (ILC) is an annual meeting of the ILO Member States, held in Geneva, Switzerland, usually in the month of June.

Each Member State is represented by a tripartite delegation consisting of two government delegates, an employer delegate, a worker delegate, and their respective advisers. Every delegate has the same rights, and all can express themselves freely and vote as they wish.

Main Tasks

The International Labour Conference has several main tasks:

  • Craft and adopt International Labour Standards in the form of Conventions and Recommendations;
  • Supervise the application of Conventions and Recommendations at the national level. It examines the reports that the governments of all Member States are required to submit, detailing their compliance with obligations arising out of ratified Conventions and their law and practice in respect of Conventions and Recommendations (ratified or not) on which reports have been requested by the Governing Body of the ILO;
  • Examine the Global Report prepared by the Office under the follow-up procedure required by the Declaration;
  • Freely discuss social and labour questions of importance to the entire world. The central theme is the report presented each year by the ILO's Director-General;
  • Pass resolutions providing guidelines for the ILO's general policy and future activities;
  • Adopt the ILO's biennial work programme and budget every two years, which is financed by member States.

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