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History of the ILO

Four Fundamental Principles

1. Freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining

Brett, B. 1994. International labour in the 21st century: the ILO, monument to the past or beacon for the future? (London, European Policy Institute).
Gernigon, B. (et al.). 1998. "Les principes de l’OIT sur le droit de grève" en Revue internationale du travail. Genève : Bureau International du Travail. Vol. 137, No. 4 (1998), pp. 473-513. (Español: Principios de la OIT sobre el derecho de la huelga)
Gernigon, B. (et al.). 2000. "Les principes de l'OIT sur la négociation collective" en Revue internationale du travail. Genève: Bureau International du Travail. Vol. 139, no. 1 (2000). p. 37-60.
Gernigon, B. (et al.). 2000. La Negociación Colectiva : Normas de la OIT y principios de los órganos de control (Ginebra: OIT).
Gernigon, B.; International Labour Office. Bureau for Workers' Activities, 2009. Collective bargaining : sixty years after its international recognition (Geneva, ILO).
Gravel, E. (et al.). 2001. Le Comité de la liberté syndicale : quel impact depuis sa création? (Genève, BIT).
Gross, J.A., 2003. Workers' rights as human rights (Ithaca, Cornell University Press).
Pasture, P. 2010. "The ILO and Freedom of Association as the Ideal of the Christian Trade Unions" in Van Daele, J.; Rodriguez Garcia, M.; Van Goethem G.; van der Linden M. (eds), ILO Histories. Essays on the International Labour Organization and Its Impact on the World during the Twentieth Century (Bern, Peter Lang), pp. 115-143.
Pouyat, A.J.; International Labour Organisation. 1982. “Normas y procedimientos de la OIT en materia de libertad sindical: un balance”, en Revista Internacional del Trabajo, Vol. 101, No. 3, pp. 325-341.
Potobsky, von G. 1972. "Protection of trade union rights: twenty years' work by the Committee on Freedom of Association", in International Labour Review, Vol. 105, No. 1, pp. 69-83. (Disponible en français) (Disponible en español)
Shyam Sundar, K.R., 2008. “Measuring an international core labour convention: a study of freedom of association”, Indian journal of labour economics, Vol. 51, no. 3 (July-Sept 2008), pp-271-286.
Villavicencio Ríos, A.; Fundación de Cultura Universitaria; Casa del Estudiante. 2007. La libertad sindical en las normas y pronunciamientos de la OIT: sindicación, negociación colectiva y huelga (Montevideo, FCU).

2. Elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour

Bastet, J. 1932. Le travail forcé et l'organisation internationale (S.D.N. et B.I.T.) (Paris, Librairie générale de droit & de jurisprudence).
Fafchamps, J. 1957. L'Organisation internationale du Travail et le travail forcé (Bruxelles, H. & M. Schaumans).
Goudal, J. 1929. “The Question of Forced Labour before the International Labour Conference”, in International Labour Review, Vol.19, No.5, pp. 621-638.
Maul, D.R. 2007. “The International Labour Organization and the Struggle against Forced Labour from 1919 to the Present” in Labor History. Vol. 48, No. 4, pp. 477-500.
Miers, S. 2003. Slavery in the Twentieth Century: The Evolution of a Global Problem (Walnut Creek, Alta Mira).
Plant, R.; O’Reilly, C. 2003. “Perspectives: the ILO Special Action Programme to Combat Forced Labour”, in International Labour Review, Vol. 142, No. 1, pp.73-85. (Disponible en español)
Plant, R.; O'Reilly, C. 2003. “El programa de la OIT para luchar contra el trabajo forzoso” en Revista internacional del trabajo, Vol. 122, No. 1, pp.81-95.

3. Effective abolition of child labour

Bonnet, M.; Schlemmer, B. 2009. “Aperçus sur le travail des enfants“ en Mondes en développement, Tome. 37, No. 146, pp. 11-25.
Di Antonio, C., 1996. Le travail des enfants : âge minimum d'admission à l'emploi ou au travail : autour de la Convention 138 et de la Recommendation 146 de l'Organisation Internationale du Travail. Genève: Université de Genève, Institut Universitaire de Hautes Etudes Internationales.
Droux, J. 2011. “L’internationalisation de la protection de l’enfance : acteurs, concurrences et projets transnationaux (1912-1925)“ en Critique Internationale, Vol. 52, No. 3, pp. 17-33.
Fyfe, A., 1989. Child labour. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Lansky, M.; International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour. 1997. Le travail des enfants: Un défi à relever. Genève, BIT.
Lieten, K. The ILO setting the terms of the child labour debate (Geneva, ILO century project).
Marinakis, A. 2008. “The Role of ILO in the Deveopment of Minimum Wages”, in ILO Century Project: Ideas, Policies and Progress (Geneva, ILO).
Mendelievich E. 1979. “Child Labour” in International Labour Review, Vol. 118, No. 5, pp. 557-568. (Disponible en francais) (Disponible en español)
Mavunga, R.A. 2013. “A critical assessment of the minimum age convention 138 of 1973 and the worst forms of child labour convention 182 of 1999”, in Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal, Vol. 16, No.5, pp.121–168.
Nesi G. (et al.). 2008. Child labour in a globalized world: a legal analysis of ILO action (Aldershot, Ashgate).
Noguchi, Y. 2010. “20 years of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and International Action against Child Labour”, International Journal of Children's Rights, Vol. 18, No. 4, pp.515–534.
Swepston, L. 1982. “Child Labour: Its Regulation by ILO Standards and National Legislation” in International Labour Review, Vol. 121, No. 5, pp.577–93. (Disponible en français)
Swepston, L.; International Labour Organisation. 1982. “Trabajo de niños: su regulación según las normas de la OIT y según la legislación nacional”, en Revista internacional del trabajo, Vol. 101, No. 3, pp. 343-361.

4. Elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation

Chant, S.H.; Pedwell, C. 2008. Las mujeres, el género y la economía informal: evaluación de los estudios de la OIT y orientaciones sobre el trabajo futuro (Ginebra, Oficina Internacional del Trabajo).
Faundez, J. 1994. Affirmative action: International perspectives (Geneva, ILO).
Gaudier, M. 1996. La question de femmes à l’OIT et son evolution (1919-1994) (Geneva, International Institute for Labour Studies.)
Hepple, B. 2001. “Equality and empowerment for decent work”, in International Labour Review, Vol. 140, No. 1, pp. 5-18.
McCrudden, C. 2002. “Equality at work: Legal approaches in the European Community” (Background paper prepared for Time for equality at work (ILO, 2003)) (Geneva, ILO).
Nielsen, H.K. 1994. “The Concept of Discrimination in ILO Convention no.111” in International and Comparative Law Quarterly, Vol. 43, No. 4, pp.827–856.
Richardson, P.; Howarth, R.; Finnegan, G. 2003. Jobs, gender and small enterprises in Africa: A study on women’s enterprise development: Key issues from research (Geneva, ILO/ Ireland Aid).  
Rossillion, C.; Dion, G. 1985. “L'OIT et l'élimination de la discrimination dans l'emploi“ in Relations industrielles, Vol. 40, No. 1, pp.3–26.
Rubery, J.; Koukiadaki, A.; International Labour Office Gender, Equality Diversity Branch. 2016. Closing the gender pay gap: a review of the issues, policy mechanisms and international evidence (Geneva, ILO).
Ruiz Moreno, Ángel G. 2016. “El derecho humano al trabajo de los migrantes”, en Revista Latinoamericana de Derecho Social, No. 22, pp.200–219.
Sheppard, C. 2002. Social and structural sources of inequality at work: Insights from the Canadian experience (Background paper prepared for Time for Equality at work (ILO, 2003) (Geneva, ILO).
Tomei, M. 2003. “Discrimination and equality at work: review of the concepts” in International Labour Review, Vol. 142, No. 4, pp. 401-418.
Troisgros S. 1969. “L’O.I.T et le travail des femmes”, en Revue Francaise des Affaires Sociales Paris, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp.153–159.

5. Standard Setting

Boivin, I.; Odero, A. 2006. “The Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations : progress achieved in national labour legislation”, in International Labour Review, Vol. 145, No. 3, pp. 207-220. Call No.: 09602(2006-3)207-220 (Disponible en français) (Disponible en español)
Bronstein, A. 2004. “En aval des norms internationals du travail: le rôle du BIT dans l'élaboration et la révision de la législation du travail“, en Javillier, J.C.; Gernigon B.; Politakis, G. (eds.). Les normes internationales du travail : un patrimoine pour l’avenir. Mélanges en l’honneur de Nicolas Valticos (Geneva, BIT), pp. 219-247.
Duplessis, I. 2004. La déclaration de l'OIT relative aux droits fondamentaux au travail: Une nouvelle forme de régulation efficace ? Relations Industrielles, Vol. 59, No. 1, pp.52–72.
Ebert, F. 2010. “Les droits fondamentaux au travail. Origines, statut et impact en droit international“, en International Labour Review, Vol. 149, No. 3, pp. 391–396.
Eren, O. 2010. The role of the International Labor Organization's (ILO's) 1998 Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work in strengthening the ILO regime a study on the ILO's Committee on Freedom of Association (CFA) (Lubbock, TX., Texas Tech University).
Hernández Pulido, J.R. 2015. “La justicia social desde un nuevo enfoque de la justicia. análisis del mandato de la organización internacional del trabajo conforme al concepto moderno de la justicia” (Segunda parte), en Revista Latinoamericana de Derecho Social, No. 21, pp.85–120.
Javillier, J.-C.; Gernigon, B.; Politakis, G.P. 2004. Les normes internationales du travail: un patrimoine pour l'avenir ; mélanges en l'honneur de Nicolas Valticos. (Genève, Bureau International du Travail).
Kellerson, H. 1998. “The ILO Declaration of 1998 on fundamental principles and rights: A challenge for the future”, in International Labour Review, Vol. 137, No. 2, pp. 223–227.
La Hovary, C.; Clapham, A., 2009. Les droits fondamentaux au travail : origines, statut et impact en droit international (Paris, Presses Universitaires de France).
Landy, E.A. 1970. “Influence of international labour standards - possibilities and performance”, in International Labour Review, Vol. 101, No. 6, pp. 555-604. (Disponible en français) (Disponible en español)
Maupain, F. 2001. “Le renouveau du débat normatif à l'OIT : de la fin de la guerre froide à la mondialisation”, en Bulletin de droit comparé du travail et de la sécurité sociale (Bordeaux, Université Montesquieu-Bordeaux IV).
Maupain, F. 2005. “Revitalization not retreat: the real potential of the 1998 ILO Declaration for the Universal Protection of Workers’ Rights”, in European journal of international law, Vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 439-465.
Maupain, F. 2009. “New foundation or new façade?: The ILO and the 2008 Declaration on Social Justice for a Fair Globalization”, in European Journal of International Law, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 823-852. (Disponible en français)
Potobsky, von G. 1966. Normas internacionales del trabajo, libertad sindical y derecho colectivo del trabajo (Buenos Aires, La Ley).
Sankaran, K. 2011. “Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work: India and the ILO”, in Economic and Political Weekly, “India and the ILO” Special Issue, Vol XLVI, No. 10, pp. 68–74.
Valega Puello, C. 2004. “Los derechos fundamentales y su incorporación en los tratados de Libre Comercio”, en Revista de derecho: División de Ciencias Jurídicas de la Universidad del Norte, No. 22, pp. 96–104.
Weaver, G. 1968. The ILO and Human Rights (Geneva, ILO).

Technical Cooperation

Blanchard, F. 1969. “L’OIT et la coopération technique”, in Revue francaise des affaires sociales, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 37-54.
Blelloch, D. 1952. “Technical Assistance: Programmes and Policies”, in International Affairs, Vol. 44, No. 1, pp. 49-58.
Breman, J. 1999. “Industrial labour in post-colonial India, I: Industrializing the economy and formalizing labour”, in International Review of Social History, Vol. 44, No. 2, pp. 249-300.
Chapelle, J. 1956. La collaboration de l’Organisation international du Travail et des Nations Unies en matière d’assistance technique (MA, Liège University).
Dahl, K.N. 1968. “The role of ILO standards in the global integration process”, in Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 309-51.
Duftz, N.F. 1967. “Technical Assistance and the ILO”, Journal of Industrial Relations, No. 9, pp. 245-257.
Herrera León, F.; Herrera González, P. (Coordinadores). 2013. América Latina y la Organización Internacional del Trabajo : redes, cooperación técnica e institucionalidad social, 1919-1950 (Instituto de Investigaciones Históricas de la Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo; Centro de Estudios Históricos de la Universidad de Monterrey; Programa de Pós-graduação em História da Universidade Federal Fluminense).
Jensen, J. 2011. “From Geneva to the Americas: The International Labor Organization and Inter-American Social Security Standards, 1936−1948”, in International Labor and Working Class History, No. 80, pp. 215−240.
Johnston, G.A. 1970. The International Labour Organisation: its work for social and economic progress, (London, Europa Publications).
Maul, D. R., 2016. “The ILO, Asia and the Beginning of Technical Assistance, 1945-60” in Jensen, J.M., Lichtenstein, N. & International Labour Office, ed., The ILO from Geneva to the Pacific Rim: West meets East, (Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan), pp. 116-133.
Maul, D. R. 2012. “Principled Development: The Beginnings the Technical Assistance Program (TAP)”, in Human Rights, Development and Decolonization (Geneva, ILO).
Maul, D.R. 2009. “’Help them move the ILO way.’ The International Labor Organization and the modernization discourse in the era of decolonization and the cold war,” in Diplomatic History, Vol. 33, No. 3, pp. 387-404.
Morse, D. 1951. “The ILO gives its attention to Asia”, in American Federationist, Vol. 59, No. 1, pp. 2-33.
Morse, D. 1954. “L’OIT et les territoires non metropolitans”, in Bulletin bimestriel de la Soiété Belge d’Etudes et d’Expansion, Vol. 53, No. 163, pp. 2021-27.
Morse, D. 1959. “From 1919 to 1959: The evolution of the practical activities of the International Labour Office”, in Technical Cooperation (Paris), No. 11, pp. 3-9.
Morse, D. 1959. “The ILO and Africa”, in Civilisation (Brussels), Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 3-16.
Papola, T. S. 2011. “Employment in Development: Connection between Indian Strategy and ILO Policy Agenda”, in Economic and Political Weekly, “India and the ILO” Special Issue, Vol XLVI, No. 10, 5 Mar., pp. 62–67.
Rens, J. 1959. “Le programme andin : un programme d'assistance internationale en faveur des Indiens des Andes”, in Revue syndicale suisse: organe de l'Union syndicale suisse, Vol. 51, No. 5, p.141-48.
Rens, J., 1961. “The Andean Programme” in International Labour Review, Vol. 84, No. 6, pp.423-461.
Rens, J. 1961. “The ILO and international technical co-operation”, in International Labour Review, Vol. 83, No. 5, pp. 413-35.
Rens, J. 1961. Le plan andin: Contribution de l’OIT à un projet pilot de coopération technique multilatérale (Brussels, Emile Bruillant).
Seekings, J. 2008. “The ILO and Social Protectio in the global South, 1919-2005”, Working Paper for the ILO Century Project (Geneva, ILO).
Sutton Straus, J. 2003. “An individual can matter: David Morse and the ILO in Africa”, in D.C. Major and J.S. Major (eds), pp. 3-19.
Swepston, L. 1990. “A new step in the international law on indigenous and tribal peoples: ILO convention no. 169 of 1989”, in Oklahoma City University Law Review, Vol. 15, No. 3, pp. 677-714.
Troisgros S. 1969.   “L’O.I.T et le travail des femmes” en Revue Francaise des Affaires Sociales Paris 23(2), Apr-Jun 1969, pp.153–159.
Zapf, H.M.; ILO. 1987. América Central. Comentarios generales e informaciones sobre la asistencia técnica con referencia especial a la OIT (San José).

Gender

Berkovitch, N., 1999. From motherhood to citizenship: Women's rights and international organizations. JHU Press.
Boris, E. and Jensen, J. 2012. “The ILO: Women’s Networks and the Making of the Woman Worker,” in Women and Social Movements International, T. Dublin and K. Sklar, eds., Alexander Press.
Boris, E. 2014. “Mothers, Household Managers, and Productive Workers: The International Labour Organization and women in Development”, in Global Social Policy, Vol. 69, No. 1, pp. 189-208.
Boris, E. 2016. “Difference’s Other: The ILO and ‘Women in Developing Countries’”, in The ILO From Geneva to the Pacific Rim
Boris, E. 2018. Women's ILO: Transnational Networks, Global Labour Standards, and Gender Equity, 1919 to Present
Budiner, M. 1975. Droit de la femme à l’égalité de salaire et la contention nr. 100 de l’Organisation internationale du Travail (Paris, ).
Elias, J., 2007. Women workers and labour standards: the problem of human rights. Review of International Studies, 33(1), pp.45–57.
Jenson, J. 2011. “From Geneva to the Americas: The International Labor Organization and Inter-American Social Security Standards, 1936-1948”, in International Labor and Working Class History, No. 80, pp. 215-40.
Martens, M.; Swasti, M. 1994. Women in Trade Unions: Organizing the Unorganized (Geneva, ILO).
Natchkova, N. 2011. Travil, luttes et inégalité : les femmes au cœur de négociations de l’Organisation Internationale du Travail et de l’horlogerie suisse (1912-1931), unpublished PhD, Univeristy of Fribourg.
Prugl, E. 1999. “What is a Worker? Gender, Global Restructuring and the ILO Convention on Homework” in Meyer M. and Prugl E. (eds) Gender Politics in Global Governance  (Lanham, Rowman & Littleman), pp. 197-209.
Riegelman, L.C.; Winslow, A. 1990. Social Justice for Women: the International Labor Organization and Women (Durham, NC, Duke University Press).
Thébaud, F. 2016. “Les femmes au BIT: l’exemple de Marguerite Thibert”, in J. M. Delaunay and Y Denechere (eds), femmes et relations internationales au XXe siècle (Paris, Presse de la Sobonne Nouvelle, pp. 177-187.
Thébaud, F. 2011. “Réseaux réformateurs et politiques du travail féminin. L’OIT au prisme de la carrière et des engagements de Marguerite Thibert”, in I. Lespinet-Moret and V. Viet (eds), L’Organisation internationale du travail. Origine – Développement – Avenir (Rennes : Presses Universtaires de Rennes), pp. 27-38.
Whitworth, S. 1994. “Gender, International Relations and the Case of the ILO”, Review of International Studies, No. 20, pp. 389-405.
Zimmermann S. 2016. “Night Work for White Women, Bonded Labour for ‘Native’ Women? Contentious Traditions and the Globalization of Gender-Specific Labour Protection and Legal Equality Politics, 1926 to 1939”, in: Kimble S, Röwekamp M, (eds) New Perspectives on European Women’s Legal History (Milton Park, New York: Routledge), pp. 394-427.
Zimmermann S. 2016. “The International Labour Organization, transnational women’s networks, and the question of unpaid work in the interwar world”, in: Midgley C, Carlier J, Twells A. (eds) Women in Transnational History: Gendering the Local and the Global (Milton Park, New York: Routledge), pp. 33-53.