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Collective bargaining

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Key ILO documents

Collective bargaining

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"Collective bargaining is a fundamental right. It is rooted in the ILO Constitution  and reaffirmed as such in the 1998 ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work . Collective bargaining is a key means through which employers and their organizations and trade unions can establish fair wages and working conditions. It also provides the basis for sound labour relations. Typical issues on the bargaining agenda include wages, working time, training, occupational health and safety and equal treatment. The objective of these negotiations is to arrive at a collective agreement that regulates terms and conditions of employment. Collective agreements may also address the rights and responsibilities of the parties thus ensuring harmonious and productive industries and workplaces. Enhancing the inclusiveness of collective bargaining and collective agreements is a key means for reducing inequality and extending labour protection."

Inclusive Labour Markets, Labour Relations and Working Conditions Branch (INWORK)